Tuesday, May 15, 2018

Adventures of Dino Riki (NES)

Checkpoints OFF/ON
1 Difficulty level
4 Stages (loopable)
Ship speed by icons
- - - - - - -
Developed by Hudson Soft
Published by Hudson Soft in 1989

Life isn't easy when you're a kid living among dinosaurs and other extinct prehistoric creatures. The environment is damp, treacherous, at times arid and dry, but mostly desolate and lacking in coconuts to quench one's thirst. And if we're speaking of an NES video game, leave it to Hudson Soft to present an adventure built around this premise, starring a boy in a neverending quest to keep his wastelands in peace. The style chosen is that of a pedestrian vertical shooter, and a particularly amusing one if you ask my opinion. Note: The Japanese version came out two years earlier under the name Shin Jinrui - The New Type.

By taking control of Dino Riki, the unsung child hero of the game, players must initially face three stages filled with tough perils across a swamp area, a ruined desertic level and a fossil-laden mountain. For the 4th stage these themes return in shorter but harder versions along with a boss rush, with the last section based off the desert theme and ending with a monster fly as the ultimate final boss. The challenge is designed to put not only our shmupping dexterity to the test, but also our platforming skills. After all, in Adventures of Dino Riki jumping is as close to flying as honey is close to the beehive, and dealing with it is essential to surf a smooth learning curve, only with a little twist that might easily be taken for granted if players don't pay attention (read on).

Dude, where's my pair of wings?
(courtesy of YouTube user EightBitHD)

Controls work with shot in button A and jump in button B. A very unusual input in a true scrolling shooter, the jump is there to allow Riki to reach platforms and get to the other side of lakes and ravines, as well as to avoid quicksand traps. Jumping other things such as bullets isn't encouraged at all, it will only register as a hit. Even though the game is checkpoint-based, Riki can take some damage before dying due to the health meter mechanic. The only way to bite the dust instantly is by falling into water, falling off a cliff, getting swallowed by quicksand, getting fried by giant flames or being rammed by skeleton lizards.

In each level a characteristic ground block holds the items Riki needs to increase his chances at succeeding in his mission. These include boots (speed-up), heart (adds one more point to the health meter), meat-on-a-bone (recovers health), fist (power-up), diamonds (extra points) and star (a smart bomb that clears the screen of enemies). There are also hidden items uncovered if you shoot at their specific spots, and these can be either the bird, which grows a pair of wings on Riki's back and allows him to fly, or "macho Riki", an item that turns the character into an angrier version of himself who throws his own image at the enemies.

9 out of 10 people are sure to curse Adventures of Dino Riki due to its jump mechanic, which can very early on ruin their perception of the game. Granted, it's not easy to quickly get the timing right to land on those platforms or water-lilies under the pressure of the scrolling effect or the fact that you must move with them or you'll fall and die. There is, however, a nice little way to circumvent that during 95% of the game: the bird item mentioned above. Every single section bar a few short areas in the final level has a hidden bird for you to find and use to fly, so just take it, press the jump button once and only let it go if you want to land. Of course getting hit will trump you down and outright kill you if you're flying over a ravine or a water pond, but that's just another aspect of what makes the gameplay in this charming little title so unique.

Boots and skulls

Since every hit degrades Riki's power and speed by one level, powering up to the fullest requires picking up three fists without getting hit. From those weak starting rocks our hero progresses to axes, boomerangs and torches. Even though the boomerangs aren't that bad, carrying the torch makes the game considerably easier so do your best to keep it at all times (one important thing to have in mind is that to better enjoy Adventures of Dino Riki you need a turbo controller – mashing buttons becomes extremely tiresome especially when you're not fully powered). Avoiding hits is also the secret to gain extra lives because all it takes is to continue collecting successive diamonds without receiving damage. According to the instruction manual you need six in a row, but most of the time it takes a little more than that.

A brief observation about the scoring system: if Riki is fully powered subsequent fist icons work like the star, wiping out all enemies on screen; however, in the same vein of the grey capsules in Gradius, all enemies killed in this manner won't give you any points.

I often don't dabble about endings in shmups, but the absolute lack of even a THE END panel in this game kinda hurts the lovely atmosphere of the package. Though humble in textures, the graphics and the enemy gallery are totally in tune with the prehistoric motif, along with nice music, fair hit detection (narrow platform thresholds notwithstanding) and great use of color (blue, yellow and green define the levels). The gameplay is based off characterisc enemy waves that succeed each other in a fixed order, as in a very relaxed variation of Star Force. In the long run that favors memorization, but regardless of your muscle memory capabilities the final stage of Dino Riki is no pushover, demanding quite a bit of effort to be conquered. And when the monster fly goes down the game just starts anew, with no reward whatsoever besides the realization Riki is doomed to forever patrol those barren landscapes.

When I beat the game years ago I did it with no autofire, but this time around I used a turbo controller and I shamelessly admit I had more fun now. My new high score got a boost of 70% as I died my last life in the 2nd section of stage 3-4. Further loops come with a slightly higher bullet count and more resilient enemies; this last incremental change is what makes getting back up increasingly more difficult when you die.

Friday, May 4, 2018

Baltron (NES)

Checkpoints ON
1 Difficulty level
1 Stage (loopable)
Ship speed by icons
- - - - - - -
Developed by Toei Animation
Published by Toei Animation in 1986

There are a few things that don’t quite work in Baltron, but you can’t say Toei Animation didn’t try to add value to this obscure, humble shooter which only saw release in Japan. There is a cinematic opening inspired by Star Wars, complete with a scrolling text explaining the motives behind a desperate attempt at stopping villain aliens from conquering a pacific planet. On the gameplay front there is a healthy batch of inspiration drawn from arcade classics such as Defender, Scramble and Asteroids, all of which supposedly serve to spice up the action in the single long stage that comprises the whole game.

Truth be told, if you count the exit of the cave as a stage delimiter then you have seven levels seamlessly connected by non-stop action. Since the scenery doesn’t change much during half the game and there's only one final boss at the end of the stretch many people consider Baltron to be made of a unique long, loopable stage. It's kinda like Scramble itself or Transbot on the Sega Master System, only without a stage map or any strong visual identity.

To warp or not to warp?

For a game that's so simple there's surely a lot of information on screen. Up in the middle is the Defender-like scope radar that shows the threats that sneak ahead of you, which of course doesn't do much to help unless you're flying slowly. The closest you are to the right the fastest the scrolling will be, so if you lean against the left border of the screen things will pass by very slowly. While that certainly helps you survive in the beginning, it soon becomes impractical due to two factors: fuel depletion and enemies dangerously coming from behind.

Button A is responsible for firing the single shot and the air-to-ground bombs, whereas button B must be used in conjunction with the directionals to have any effect on the gameplay. When pressed with ↑ you unleash a "flash" that clears the screen of enemies, when pressed with ↓ you activate an Asteroids-like warp to skip a small portion of the level, and if used with ← and → you change the flying direction. Switching flying direction can be done at will, but the flash and the warp consume some energy and can only be used if the fuel reserve is above some markers. The limit for flash is the red marker and for warp the white marker, but you can also watch for their specific indications in the opposite side of the score counter in the HUD.

While interesting on paper, the execution of the special moves/attacks with button B is as failed as the game's attempt at emulating the gameplay of Defender. Firstly, there's no reason at all to fly left in Baltron. Secondly, the warp command is two times annoying, first because at the beginning you're prone to doing it by accident, and second because after the warp you might return in solid matter and die instantly (never use it inside the caves!).

Getting through the stages in Baltron is strangely addictive despite the bare bones nature of the gameplay. Once you learn there's only one point where it's possible to completely reload the fuel reserve this detail becomes less worrysome. Each level consists of two halves: an open area where you'll allowed to fly everywhere and a cave with varying degrees of obstacles. With the exception of one stage (4th), right before the entrance of the cave there's a pipe coming out of the ground that spews a blue canister that completely refills the fuel reserve. If you don't destroy the pipe and wait a little it will also release a yellow canister that gives temporary invincibility. The problem with these items is that they can be destroyed by your own shots, so watch out for that whenever you are low on fuel. Also don't forget that the same happens with the fluffy panda that's worth an extra life.

Star Lenion × the Bismark Empire
(courtesy of YouTube user FamicomGuide)

The incremental addition of one or two new enemies in every level is what gives Baltron its rudimentary sense of variety. Besides the omnipresent minuscule tie-fighter lookalike (Star Wars!), the bad guys also send creatures that look like paper darts, medusas and lice amongst homing saucers and invincible Capcom yasichis that reflect all shots and mean instant death if you stand still in front of them. Energy barriers fade if you manage to destroy one of their tips, and some ground/ceiling turrets seem to jam when they start blinking, so take your shot at them if this happens. All flying enemies are able to go through walls, therefore don't expect to be safe at any moment inside the caves.

Since everything about your firepower is designed around the pea shooter, as long as the player has a turbo controller at hand the complete absence of power-ups doesn't bother at all. The music is as monotonous as it gets, but when engulfed by the bleeps of the sound effects it kinda fades into the background, as does the initial lethargy the more you play the game and avoid using the B button except for the flash attack – which is when Baltron starts showing a little bit of fun. During my time with it I tried to discover if there were secrets related to some weird appearances here and there, such as a dinosaur-like creature that pops up out of nowhere, the toad in a bubble that floats halfway in stage 4 and a funny face inside a spike in the later levels. I had no success whatsoever with these strange sightings, and urge the reader to leave a comment if there's anything to be added in this regard. :)

In my best run I was able to reach the beginning of the third loop with the high score shown below. Apparently each new loop comes with a color palette swap and more aggressive enemies.

Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Airgrave (Playstation)

Checkpoints OFF
5 Difficulty levels
8 Stages
Ship speed fixed, selected at start
- - - - - - -
Developed by Santos
Published by Santos in 1996

One of the things people mostly remember about the Playstation is the large number of 3D polygon-based games delivered by the platform. Regardless of how well they aged it's hard to deny their importance in the history of our hobby, after all 3D opened up a whole new world embraced by many and shunned by just a few oldschoolers who remained faithful to 2D sprites. There were, however, titles that tried to mix 2D sprites with 3D polygons even though they still offered pure 2D gameplay. Airgrave belongs to the most basic batch of this short-lived wave, as does Stahlfeder, Santos's other entry in the Playstation shmup library.

Airgrave's core gameplay is reminiscent of Xevious, RayForce and Soukyugurentai, with a little Sonic Wings thrown in. Unfortunately the chances of a bad first impression of this game are still relatively high. Even with a selection of different playable ships it ends up lacking the necessary character to impress, which is only worsened by the confusing control scheme and the consequential learning gap about the scoring system. Trying to compensate for that with overlong, boring dialogue intermissions might work with some people but not with me, and spoken Japanese certainly isn't to blame for that. By the way, the game never saw any release outside of its native country Japan and that says a lot about its obscurity.

I'm not in the least bothered by the blending of 2D and 3D in my video games, as long as the result feels natural and does not interfere in the gameplay. Since Airgrave belongs to the Playstation golden era, when the hype was all about 3D objects and textures, these elements needed to stick out somehow. It's only natural that bosses were the chosen ones to carry this trendy flag, but having unskippable black screen entry animations for them wasn't a wise idea at all. 3D backgrounds, on the other hand, are more subtly used. If only the developer was a little bolder the game could've shown a little more flair, as in the end of stage 3... when the graphics are starting to get interesting with nicely rendered skyscrapers the level is abruptly cut off in favor of the unskippable boss introduction.

Pilot Aine takes on the Sea Side Base

By default, button × is mapped to shoot and button ○ to activate the "overdrive" attack. Besides firing the ship's main gun, the shot input also hits the ground at a pretermined distance just like in the classic gameplay from Xevious. Playing the game like this is possible, but for a complete Airgrave experience players must enter the Options screen and activate another input for "ground/aiming": when pressed and released, this button creates a lock-on net and hits multiple targets inside it. While fine on paper, the execution of the ground/aiming resource is rather finicky due to the delay for the crosshair to actually lock onto something (especially during fast scrolling sections). The good news is that there's a grace period after the last aimed enemy is destroyed, which allows you to move on to the next target in order to keep the lock-on chain going. Since scoring is directly affected by the number of enemies killed in a single net activation, getting used to this weird aiming mechanic is absolutely mandatory for score chasers.

Another peculiarity of the ground/aiming feature is that it diverts energy from the rest of the ship's arsenal, disabling the Xevious-like ground bombs and reducing the rate of fire of the main gun whenever it's activated. That kinda makes sense, unlike the ability to switch the default shot input to "to air" in the options menu. The purpose of this is to allow the use of the main shot only, doing away with the ground bombs. Since there are sections where this type of attack is still useful and it's impossible to have "to air" and "shot" mapped in the same controller configuration (it's one or the other), all I can say is that this reeks of a leftover mess by the programming staff.

Anyway, as for the rest of the basic gameplay, items released by destroying slow-moving shuttles include shot power-up (red), ground chain-up (yellow) and shield energy recovery (blue). Four red items maximize firepower, the amount of possible ground lock-ons is shown in the AF tag and the maximum amount of energy at any given moment is six. Shield depletion means GAME OVER, so don't miss blue items and do your best to keep that meter healthy (note that players recover one health point at the start of every level). These items can also be exploited for survival because there's a short moment of invincibility that comes with the moment they're picked up.

Shooting and targeting ground enemies is the backbone of Airgrave, but sometimes it's just not enough. That's when the overdrive attack becomes useful: it boosts the ship's arsenal to a great degree by endowing it with a more powerful shot pattern and by automatically seeking ground targets if you keep the aiming button pressed. Filling up the overdrive gauge on the top of the HUD is accomplished with ground kills, and a full gauge allows up to two consecutive overdrive blasts. An "overdrive ready" message warns the player whenever the attack becomes available for use.

This is the real thing!
(courtesy of YouTube user Arcade Database)

There are four ships/pilots to choose from, all of them with very specific strengths and weaknesses. Aine carries the most average stats but his shot lacks coverage; Randy is the slowest one but has the best spread with a wide aiming area; Reny is the fastest, has the most powerful overdrive attack but is shafted with a tiny and useless aiming area; Vel has a poor reach on the main shot but a very powerful ground attack. In my opinion Randy is by and large the best character as long as you're able to cope with his slow speed. He's the one leading the gang in the game cover, but all characters have dedicated dialogue lines. Storywise it all starts at a forest base, with the final objective of invading a sky fortress to defeat an evil mecha after tackling several different landscapes in between. Bullet density isn't taxing, but a few sections might cause massive slowdown (5th boss).

All things considered, if you're able to see past the game's generic setting the best aspect about Airgrave is definitely its scoring system. End-of-stage bonuses are granted based on level completion, the number of kills for a specific ground enemy (a bonus that doubles if you manage to destroy them all for a PERFECT) and a negative deduction of -2.000 points for every hit you take. Long chains with the aiming feature are still the biggest addition to the score, but some items collected in excess are also worth something (1.000 points for power-ups, 2.000 points for health recover), with ground enemies releasing special bonus medals (bronze = 1.000 points, silver = 2.000 points, gold = 3.000 points).

If asked about which Santos shmup is the best – or least disappointing – I'd probably side with Airgrave on the merits of its scoring system and an actual ounce of challenge. The only edge I'll give Stahlfeder is the soundtrack, even though Airgrave's music isn't offending by any means.

An unusual resource in the options screen for Airgrave allows players to change the color of the enemy bullets if desired (I didn't have any visibility issues whatsoever). Much more useful is the ability to set mission demo to OFF in order to get rid of all those intermission panels/dialogues (unskippable parts still remain though). My best 1CC high score was achieved with pilot Randy on the default difficulty setting (3).

Wednesday, April 11, 2018

Super Cobra (Playstation)

Checkpoints ON
1 Difficulty level
11 Stages (loopable)
Ship speed fixed
- - - - - - -
Developed by Konami
Published by Konami in 1999

A long time ago in an arcade alley far, far away, there was a scrolling shooter called Scramble. Seeing that Scramble was good, creators Konami decided to release a sequel based on the same gameplay. It was July of 1981, and this much expected evolution of Scramble flooded the company upon release. Factories had no time to stop assembling boards, and all employees had to participate in the assembly process to meet demand. The new venture was named Super Cobra, and this blog essay is another tiny love letter to this short-lived yet highly addictive franchise.

The most portentous part in the above paragraph was taken directly from the History section of the Konami Arcade Classics disc released for the North American Playstation. In bringing together ten arcade titles – of which 5 are shmups – this compilation provides a nice little window to appreciate the kind of fun these primitive games were capable to deliver, and I daresay the highlights are definitely Super Cobra and its predecessor Scramble. In the case of the sequel, those who can't see past its humble lines, the flat changing colors and the seemingly unattractive aspect of a snapshot are missing a lot. Not only does it expand the original idea in length and difficulty, but it also makes you pilot a helicopter. And since helicopters are badass Super Cobra is also super cool by default.

Invade the base and carry away booty
(courtesy of YouTube user SalaGiochi1980)

I know some people might think I'm exaggerating, but despite the jokes I do believe Super Cobra is a fine game. It has aged much better than other titles of the same era, and even today it's capable of delivering the kind of rush that combines tight gameplay, random elements and sharp reflexes in a quick romp that favors score chasing. Granted, once again it's necessary to handle a fuel reserve, an aspect that slowly disappeared from the genre as the overall arcade scenario leaned towards more straightforward shooting experiences. However, dealing with fuel recovery was rarely as well implemented as in both these games.

Once Super Cobra is selected from the main menu a brief instruction panel is shown prior to starting the game. Controls aren't reconfigurable and work with ○ for shot and × for missiles. The screen scrolls at a steady pace, making you maneuver through hills, caves, valleys and above rooftops as you face all sorts of ground and aerial opposition. Freedom of movement exists in the left half of the screen only, so watch out for that when flying the helicopter to the far right against walls (it's very common to die because you crashed onto something that should've passed already).

Besides dealing with all sorts of hazards, players also have to cope with the abovementioned fuel mechanic. In essence it's pretty simple: just destroy the fuel tanks on the ground to keep refilling the fuel gauge. If fuel reserve gets low a typical alarm will sound, and if it depletes completely the helicopter will plummet to a horrible, fiery death. It's not uncommon to give in to despair when the fuel alarm goes off, especially when all fuel tanks are located in hilly areas and you're forced to fly high. Missiles have a very specific descending arch and their drop is affected by the chopper's movement, in a primitive yet very neat way of infusing motion physics in the gameplay. Just remember you can only have two of them at once on screen, which is in fact the reason why I did not activate turbo fire for button ×. Aiming is certainly more important than firing rate in this case.

Main screen for Konami Arcade Classics

With 10 stages and a final level where you need to collect the "booty" in order to loop the game while winning an extra life, Super Cobra is not only longer than Scramble but also a tad harder. Every level has a very specific theme or enemy, and all of them require different approaches for better survival chances. The more comfortable you get with the game the more you realize the importance of aiming in order to proactively destroy the turrets that fire those nasty 45º shots. With the exception of one area where they don't shoot, they're a very unpredictable foe just like the hovering mines in stages 3/4, the falling rocks/bats of stage 5 and those damn saucers in stage 8. Stage 9, on the other hand, doesn't add anything new to the game and is so short that feels like something thrown in to take maximum advantage of the allocated ROM memory.

Besides the life gained with the loop there is only one score-based extend registered at the 10.000 points mark. Unlike what happened with Scramble, whose version in this compilation is actually the tougher Stern variant, Super Cobra plays just like in the arcade ROMs floating around the internet. The Konami Arcade Classics disc itself is presented in a bare-bones fashion, with an animated intro and a simple interface. In the global options it's possible to save/load (manually) and switch off feedback a.k.a. controller vibration – a nice thing to do in Super Cobra unless you want to play with something that feels like a transforming Gremlin.

As expected, I had a great time with this charming little game. It can be infuriating at times and induce bouts of restartitis on the side, but it's also loads of fun. I love the sound effects to the point I don't even care about the absence of music. My best run ended in stage 2-5, as per the picture shown below.

Tuesday, March 27, 2018

War in the Gulf (NES)

Checkpoints OFF
3 Difficulty levels
5 Stages
Ship speed by icons
- - - - - - -
Developed by Mega Soft
Published by Gluk in 1991

The Gulf War wasn't even over when NTDEC a.k.a. Mega Soft delivered another unlicensed shooter based on the conflict for the NES, in an opportunist move that can't be taken for granted in their little corner of 8-bit history. War in the Gulf, or La Guerra del Golfo as displayed in the Spanish Gluk cover, is probably the first video game to use that particular piece of history as background, as much as that might mean for such a rudimentary shooter. On its behalf we can say it's got a true seal of authenticity in the presentation panel for the final level, which features a rendition of Saddam Hussein as you enter his "underground palace" to put an end to the war.

Given the game's main aircraft choice, there's certainly some confusion when you notice the cover shows a fighter jet in action instead of a badass chopper. Not much to comment on that front, but within Mega Soft's library of piss-poor games there's no denying that War in the Gulf is the best of them. With the exception of the occasional weird hit detection and a handful of cheap hits/deaths, the game at least manages to show a little variety throughout five stages graphically molded after clouds, ocean, desert, airport and fortress. It's a poor man's Silkworm meets Airwolf, but it's certainly above the inept results of Magic Carpet 1001 or Sea of Dreamland.

Push Start for justice

In order to wage war against the evil dictator that set the Gulf on fire, players pilot an attack helicopter that shoots with button A and locks a rotating satellite in place with button B (a "machinegun" that doesn't shoot anything). Up front I can say button B is useless, mainly because this satellite thing has very little health, inflicts very little damage and disappears quite fast. Therefore you'd better just use it as a shoddy shield while it lasts. Then you can explode little balloons to release the following items to upgrade the chopper: power-up, missile, S (speed-up) and 1UP (extra life). The first power-up grants autofire, the second one increases shot power but takes away autofire and the third one finally allows you to use autofire with the power upgrade. Missiles are fired along with the main gun, resemble the same artillery from Darius and are upgraded with their specific item.

Whenever you pick a power-up you have a hit's worth of life. This means that the chopper will revert back to its default power when you get hit. As expected, you lose a life when shot in that condition, so do your best to survive until the next power-up comes (remember that speed-ups and missile items do not grant you with this pseudo-shield). At selected points in the level a little blue cloud either appears or might be released from ground targets. If you shoot it long enough it will act as a smart bomb, exploding and wiping out all on-screen enemies. If you fly into it the cloud will act as a temporary shield that protects the chopper for some time. Either way it's a very useful item that helps you get through some of the most cheap or erratic enemy patterns.

Speaking of cheap, much of the difficulty of War in the Gulf comes from enemies entering the screen in odd angles or attracting you to trap spots. Since the main gun totally lacks spread capability, in many occasions it's best to use the chopper's bending effect to hit the targets: shots are aimed diagonally downwards as you move forward and diagonally upwards as you retreat. The only way to have a flat horizontal firing stream when moving is by going up and down with no diagonals, which is needed when facing most bosses. They are all ridiculously easy, so easy in fact that you might die from boredom, as in the fight against the giant tank of the 3rd stage. The last cannon has too much health, the first time I got there I almost fell asleep while thinking the game had bugged on me.

Attack at dawn
(courtesy of YouTube user DarkMurdoc666)

Besides the 1UPs you collect during the levels there are also score extends at every 200.000 points (a characteristic sound cue plays when the extra life registers). Don't bother checking out your score though, it's only shown during stage transitions and it's ultimately failed by sloppy programming. Even though the scoring system gets utterly broken by the jet shower of the last boss, in a single-credit clear the final figure that goes into the hiscore record is the one that's shown at the beginning of stage 5 (similar idiotic implementations are also present in Crisis Force and Crossfire, for example).

As I mentioned a few paragraphs above, this is probably the least offending NES title developed by NTDEC / Mega Soft (I've yet to play Go! Benny! and Cosmos Cop, but I seriously doubt they'd be any better). In between the humble graphics, the equally modest music, the slow pace and the botched score display/mechanics, War in the Gulf at least doesn't incur in anything funtamentally wrong in its gameplay. The short opening sequence and the single panels that precede each level provide a nice touch in establishing the mood, even if this mood gets diluted by the simplicity of the package.

On the way to the 1CC on Normal difficulty I had the high score below prior to starting the final level, and once the ending graphics were gone I restarted the game and took this picture between stages 1 and 2. I used a turbo controller for proper autofire on button A.

Thursday, March 22, 2018

Kyūkyoku Tiger (PC Engine)

Checkpoints ON
1 Difficulty level
10 Stages (loopable)
Ship speed fixed
- - - - - - -
Developed by Toaplan
Published by Taito
 in 1989

It just occurred to me that this game – or variations thereof – might be one of the most ported arcade vertical shmups of its generation. As such, an entry for the PC Engine was a sure thing back in the end of the 80s, courtesy of Toaplan's publishing partner Taito. The best thing about it is that this version of Kyūkyoku Tiger has passed the test of time due to the great fun factor and decent challenge for 16-bit standards. And it's faithful to its Japanese original incarnation, which means it's got checkpoints. Some of them are a tad hard to recover from and you might as well get sent back even further in the level depending on how and where you die again.

The classic gameplay that inspired dozens of similar shmups is here for everyone's enjoyment. Shoot with button II, drop bombs with button I. Face wave after wave of incoming enemy choppers while dealing with turrets and tanks ready to take you by surprise as you move left and right, sweeping rewards in the form of kills and ground stars that are worth 3.000 points each at the end of the level (since the start of the stage or the last time you died, that is). Just remember to take a turbo controller with you on the ride, the game lacks autofire and you totally need it for button II.

Opening screen

As I mentioned above, game mechanics in Kyūkyoku Tiger are very simple. Overcoming the odds and winning the battles against the bosses is a different matter altogether. In order to stand a chance you're allowed to collect power-up items released by destroying this specific green carrier that always fires two spreads of three bullets when entering the screen. The blue S is responsible for increasing firepower, while the colored circle serves as a weapon type switch that cycles in the following basic order: → red (forward vulcan shot) → green (thin laser) → blue (spread shot) → yellow (4-way cross shot) → red → ... Every once in while a B will appear for an extra bomb, with a few more bombs coming out of nowhere from the bottom of the screen seemingly at random. Yes, talk about a token of kindness from this particular port! Finally, if you manage to play well enough one of the ground stars in selected stages will eventually be replaced by a 1UP item for an extra life.

Even though all stages are a mix of city, desert, ocean and harbor, and the second half of the game pretty much mirrors the first half with minor but important changes, this classic shooter never feels repetitive because it keeps players on their toes all the time. There comes a time when you realize brute force is the best ally against a fiercer attack from the enemy, as in those huge planes that cross the screen either from top to bottom or appearing from behind. Blink and you're dead meat, go greedy on bombs and you might regret it. Even with the tamed difficulty that's characteristic to console ports there's no stint of calm anywhere.

One of the distinctions of the PC Engine version, which is shared with Twin Cobra on the NES, is that when maxed out the horizontal streams of the yellow weapon acquire a slight homing ability that makes it a lot more useful than in the original arcade game. Not that it will by any means surpass the efficiency of the blue spread, since that’s still the best choice from start to finish once you get comfortable with the seemingly erratic enemy behavior and learn how to circumvent the lines of tanks that often catch players off guard. Those sniping bastards.

Raiding sea and land for great justice
(courtesy of YouTube user VGDBbr)

Note that bosses do not time out in this version, so the trick to evade the 7th boss does not apply here; you have to destroy both tanks, preferably one at a time so that they don’t overlap their attacks. Besides the ground stars for 3.000 points each at the end of the stage, players can also boost their scores by collecting colored weapon items (each one is worth 2.000 points). Scoring higher is mostly a matter of not dying, although the twin turret boss of stage 10 can be milked for as long as you have extra lives left. Speaking of which, it’s possible to inflate the life stock due to the generous extend scheme that starts with 50.000 points, continues at the 100.000 mark and goes on for every 100.000 points afterwards. Secret tip: as soon as the credit starts move to far left and bomb to win three extra lives.

Aesthetically it can be said that Kyūkyoku Tiger for the PC Engine succeeds both graphically and aurally. Unlike many other shmups in the platform, there’s a good balance between music and sound effects. Exclusive to this port, a brief ending sequence awaits all players who complete the first loop. The only difference I noticed in the second round is the increased speed of enemy bullets, which makes both survival and checkpoint recovery somewhat harder. Since there’s no score buffering of any kind, remember to pause at once after you die your last life if you want to get note of your final score.

Below is my best result, dying in stage 2-4.

Sunday, February 11, 2018

Battle Squadron (Mega Drive)

Checkpoints OFF
15 Difficulty levels
4 Stages (loopable)
Ship speed fixed
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Developed by Innerprise Software Inc.
Published by Electronic Arts in 1990

No matter how you see them or how people perceive them, some video games are just like bricks. They're "heavy", but not in any advantageous sense of the word, and playing them most often equals the idea of a painful hassle.

An insidious vertical shooter that originally came out for the Commodore Amiga, Battle Squadron is one of those games. It disguises its claws with the basic story of a rescue mission where you pilot a spacecraft sent to find two coleagues imprisoned in a hostile planet called Terrainia. Players must patrol the surface of the planet and enter/clear three subterranean areas before being allowed to face the final enemy – an unusual stage scheme that allows infinite play if you refuse to face the underground challenges. Surface opposition is mild and should offer no real threat, but once you decide to go into them holes the game throws everything but the kitchen sink at you.

This difficulty, unlike in other tough shmups of the 16-bit era, actually stems from a series of obnoxious design choices that can enrage even the most patient gamer, unless we consider playing in co-op. However, my instance is that no shmup should be designed around cooperative play unless there's some sort of dynamic balance in place. Unfortunately this isn't the case of Battle Squadron.

Introdution and initial action in Battle Squadron
(courtesy of YouTube user Insert Disk Game Play Channel)

In order to complete the mission the player is allowed to shoot (buttons A or C) and trigger "nova" bombs (button B). By destroying a specific carrier a power-up is released, cycling colors for immediate pick-up. The default type is yellow (orange magma wave, starts with a straight shot and acquires a side attack when maxed out), but there's also red (spread shot), green (laser, acquires a little spread when maxed out) and blue (two-way forwards/backwards shot). Five power-ups are needed to maximize firepower, and a little interesting deviation from the norm here is that you keep upgrading your shot even if you decide to pick a power-up of different color.

Since you must count with only three lives and no extends of any kind, remaining at full power and getting all the extra bombs you can is essential. Whenever you see a squadron of four ships arriving and retreating in line kill them fast to release the item for an extra bomb. Dying comes with the penalty of a downgrade of two power levels, and if this happens in the underground areas all I can say is good luck in getting two power-ups quickly to get back on your knees (after all you do feel underpowered even at max power). Battle Squadron can certainly seem tame upon a quick glance at the first minutes, but you can only know what's really at stake once you decide to venture into the underground by touching the ENTER HERE message in the middle of the black holes.

Considering that full power is so important to have a chance at the inside stages, shunning the first entrance gates in order to upgrade weapons at the surface level is a good idea. To that I also add the fact that the third underground stage is the hardest one, so facing it before the other two is always better than doing the opposite (if you survive the odds of that level you'll know the worst is already behind you). While flying on surface level, whenever you pass by the third underground entrance the terrain "loops"; once you clear any of the subterranean areas and fly past its entrance again the ENTER HERE message won't be there anymore; and as soon as all three underground lairs have been destroyed the game rewards the player with the fight against the final boss at the end of the surface stretch.

Though reminiscent of the euroshmup school of thought, Battle Squadron is more akin to a lighter Raiden than the horrors of Xenon 2 Megablast. All bullets are aimed, therefore sweeping and herding are essential techniques to be used here. Slowdown is totally absent and collision detection is decent for a game with such a large/slow ship, but as I mentioned above a few obnoxious aspects make the experience a lot harder than it should be. The worst of them are the chunks of foreground scenery that completely block the action, forcing you to always remain in the visibility zone and to anticipate enemy/bullet trajectory whenever you need to briefly fly below these layers. There are also cloaked ships that follow you around and often take you off guard because you just didn't see them coming. Lastly, enemies have the nasty habit of firing when they have already left the screen.

A representation of 80s European sci-fi in shmups

Taken as it is, with all its unnecessary contrivances, at least Battle Squadron remains faithful to the rules it creates. Since it lacks autofire, a decent turbo controller is absolutely needed to play the game (I'd love to know what no-autofire purists have to say about this one). Even though the enemy gallery isn't diverse, each stage has one or two stronger foes that represent the bulk of the challenge and require serious crowd control if you want to stand a chance at winning. Honestly, there are parts where the game displays a bullet-hellish atmosphere rarely seen in the 16-bit era, which kinda turns it into an embrionary version of Milestone's Chaos Field. The difference here is that avoiding chaos is not an option.

Seeing that the surface stretch is endless and you can be there forever, there's no point in talking about scoring in Battle Squadron. Never mind those little X items you collect from destroyed ground targets and are worth 1.000 points each whenever you transition from one section to the next. Also never mind the short-looped theme that plays from start to finish, nor the fact that the game denies you from seeing your score if you pause or as soon as you lose your last life. The difficulty setting here is quite special because it works according to two selectors: maximum number of on-screen bullets and bullet speed. In total there are 15 possible combinations. Particularly amusing is adjusting bullet speed to minimum and bullet number to maximum.

The default settings are max enemy bullets at 16 and bullet speed at 150, and that was how I beat the game. The credit ended at the first underground area of the second loop – the picture below was taken from a recording paused a few frames after my ship was destroyed. Battle Squadron loops with no apparent increase in difficulty, but given the amount of threats at every corner continued play eventually wears you down. My favorite weapon for the whole game was the red one, for its coverage and brute power at point-blank distance (green is even more powerful but lacks coverage in the busiest parts of the mayhem).